Awesome psychological experiments
The human psyche - very complex material for study. It turns out that often the consciousness does with us tricky tricks and in part all of us live in a world of illusions. We provide 7 very simple, at first glance, experiments that will show you how much your beliefs depend on subjective perception.
Man, without a doubt, is the most interesting Riddle of nature.
- The right to choose often depends on external circumstances.
Artist Marco evaristti conducted an unusualPerformance in 2000. In the gallery put ten blenders, in each of which floated on a goldfish. Any of the viewers could grind it in a blender by clicking on the button. For a whole hour none of the visitors of the exhibition did this, but then somebody committed treachery.
Of course, immediately they turned off the electricity, the police arrived. For the cruel treatment of animals, the initiator of the exhibition received a fine.
And you would have pressed the button?
- The perception of reality is formed on the basis of personal perceptions of oneself.
In 1993, scientists from Ohio conducted an interestingan experience. They put on makeup, depicting ugly scars, on the face of several women. Women were warned that in this form they will meet with strangers.
Everyone carefully studied herself in the mirror. After that, they allegedly received a protective cream on their faces, and, in fact, washed away the scars, without warning the participants of the experiment.
After the meeting, almost all women talked aboutThat they were subjected to various forms of humiliation, and even could accurately tell what words and actions the interlocutor used to insult them. Although none of them had visible defects, false knowledge was enough to make them feel themselves victims of discrimination.
- You're not as observant as you think.
Observance is the weak side of a person. This was proved by a simple experiment. The dummy actor approached the pedestrian to ask for directions. While the passer-by went into explanations, the interlocutors passed workers. The big door in their hands obscured the actor and the participant of the experiment from each other for a few seconds.
Further the actor was replaced and before the passer-by turned outA completely different person - he was different from the first actor appearance, was of different height, in different clothes and spoke otherwise. and what? Most people did not notice the difference!
- From your strength of will depends how successful you are.
Everyone knows about the "zephyr test" - when childrenOffer to stay with sweets in the room and not take them. Some children are able to resist temptation, while others do not have enough strength to resist the sweet.
This experience was conducted with the grown-up participants of this famous experiment, which is now 40 years old. It turned out that the indicators of willpower have not changed during this time!
However, scientists emphasize that sometimesRefusal of pleasures harms the essence of a certain person. Lack of willpower does not mean an underdevelopment of the intellect! Such people are simply more emotional, they make wonderful travelers and people of creative professions.
- You are cruel by nature.
If there is an opportunity to show cruelty with impunity, many people act in this way. A widely publicized experiment was conducted in which students from Stanford University took part.
The basement of the building was equipped for jail, and the groupStudents from 24 people were divided into "prisoners" and "overseers". All participants from both groups received the same salary. The experiment was supposed to last a month.
Prisoners were given prison clothes and appropriatedNumbers, depriving them of their names. The guards were dressed in a real form of prison guards, handed out batons and masks. They had one task - to monitor the "prisoners" without the use of force.
On the second day the prisoners mutinied. Extinguishers used fire extinguishers to stop the unrest. Soon the guards already forced their prisoners to sleep naked on concrete, and the opportunity to use the shower and toilet became a privilege.
Every third guard showed cruelty! The experiment had to be terminated prematurely ...
- The influence of authority overcomes your morality.
When you receive instructions from an authoritative person, you can not adequately assess how correct they are.
In the Yale University experiment "pupil"Had to do the job, and the "teacher" - to check and punish him for every mistake by the discharge of current. The pupil was an actor and only pretended that he was getting current strikes.
"Teacher" went into another room, where he stoodA generator with levers on which stress was written, that is, he was aware of the danger of current for the student man. Beginning with the 15th century, the "teacher" with each new error had to increase the voltage, and so to 450 volts. When it came to the strongest blow, the experimenter demanded that the "teacher" continue to use the last switch.
If the "teacher" doubted, then the curatorExperiment asked him to continue the experience, each time bringing more and more strong arguments. In addition, the "teachers" assured that for the "student" the discharges of the current of such power are completely safe.
The results showed that most "teachers"(26 out of 40) continued to obediently use the maximum voltage (450 V) until the researcher instructed to finish the experiment. In order to please an authoritative person, we are capable of much.
- Beliefs form a picture of the surrounding world.
Each of us adjusts the reality to the one he used to think about.
Professor of electrical engineering artur ellison came up withAn interesting experience for their students. He asked a group of people to look at the iron flower vase on the table. At some point, Arthur used a magnet, with which the vase was raised above the table. To students, he said that he controls the vase with the power of his mind.
Some people agreed that they saw a flying vase, while another part completely rejected the fact that the vase was moving. According to their ideas about the world, everyone sees what is happening in different ways.
Think about these interesting observations. Mindfulness is a very important quality that will help you to assess the world more objectively. Let them know about these features Human thinking Will be useful to you.
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