First aid in case of sunstroke
The school bench was far behind,The teachers of the lesson are reminded by a warm word, and the knowledge that was received as early as the youth went into oblivion together with school certificates. In the courtyard the sun is mercilessly scorching, which means that everyone has a risk of "picking up" a sunstroke.
So, summer is in full swing, you are resting withFriends at sea and suddenly ... one of them gets bad! What with it, heat stroke or, maybe, solar? Or just the consequences of yesterday's stormy night with an irrepressible amount of alcohol? But are you sure that you will be able to distinguish one from another and at the same time provide first aid? no? Then read carefully!
sunstroke Is a condition that develops as a result of prolonged exposure to sunlight on the head and upper neck in hot weather.
heatstroke - the result of a general overheating of the organism, including exposure to sunlight.
Symptoms of sun and heat stroke
- nausea, vomiting.
- Lethargy, yawning, drowsiness.
- Redness of the face, fever.
- noise in ears.
- Darkening of eyes, quickening of breathing.
- Weakness, dizziness.
When sunstroke can be skin burns, in severe cases, syncope and convulsions are possible.
First aid with solar and thermal shock
- Cover the victim from the sun, take it out of a stuffy, hot room to fresh air.
- Give the victim a semi-sitting position.
- Undo the restraining clothes of the victim, remove synthetic clothes.
- Give me a sniff of a cotton swab moistened with ammonia.
- Wipe the area of the head, chest and neck with a cloth moistened with cool water.
- Give the victim plenty of room temperature drink - juice, water, compote.
- If the body temperature is above 39 ° C in adults and above 38 ° C in children, you can give one of the antipyretic drugs.
Watch whether the patient is breathing. If breathing is not present, start artificial respiration. Check the pulse. When stopping blood circulation, proceed to an indirect massage of the heart. In the event of a violation of breathing and (or) blood circulation, seizures and persistent disturbance of consciousness, immediately call for an ambulance!
What can not be done with solar and thermal shock
- Give alcoholic drinks and beverages containing caffeine to the victim.
- Quickly and dramatically cool the victim (dipping into a cold bath).
Be careful, going out At the seaside with children Or elderly people - they are more prone to solar and thermal shock. Share these tips with friends, timely rendered first aid can save human life!