How not to drown in the current
When you hear about people drowning very near the shore, thoughts about alcohol immediately come to mind. How can you be so irresponsible and climb into the water while in a state of intoxication?
But the cause of drowning near the shore may be quite different. Breakdown currents - a real danger! Those who do not know how to behave when caught in such a current risk drowning. Read this important information and save your life and your loved ones. Remember that the most important thing is to remain calm! Panic can be too expensive ...
How not to drown in the flow
A leakage current, or Rip, Occurs most often around the shallow, lowlandCoasts in the shallow seas (the Mexican Gulf, the Sea of Azov). During low tide water can not return back to the open sea, they are restrained by a sand spit.
Because of the pressure of water on a narrow strait ariseRides, streams, in which water rushes with enormous speed (up to 2.5-3.0 m / s). Such a swift river in the middle of the sea can easily carry even an experienced swimmer!
Stream towards the sea Goes perpendicular to the shore.
Waves roll to the shore, bringing with them more and more water, which then rushes back into the ocean. Corridor with the reverse flow and the truth looks like a river and can appear anywhere on the coast.
people, Fallen during, Are in a powerful stream of bubbling water. How many lives this phenomenon took!
Rip corridor Narrow: usually it is 2-3 meters, the flow velocity is 4-5 km / h. Of course, this size of the flow is not dangerous. But there are terrible streams of water up to 50 m wide, up to 200 m long!
The speed of water in such wide corridors is up to 15 km / h. This is a rare case, but it is also possible.
How to identify the breakdown current
- It is a stream perpendicular to the shore. The water in it boils and foams.
- The color of the water in the stream differs from the color of the remaining waters near the shore. It can be white, while the surrounding waters are blue or blue.
- Foam, bubbles and algae that move toward the sea - a sure sign of rip.
- You can see the gap in the middle of waves up to 5 meters in size.
If you noticed these visible signs of the current flow - you were lucky! Just do not go swimming in this place. Unfortunately, as much as 80% of rips are hard to notice, they do not show themselves visually!
So that Save your life, After hitting the offshore stream near the shore, remember these rules.
- If you do not know how to swim, never bathe alone by the shore. Seeing the red flags and signs warning of the danger, do not get into the water!
- do not panic! keep calm. Strong fright can be controlled by stopping the panic state. Breathe deeply and take care of the clarity of the mind.
- The most important point: save energy! Swim not to the shore, but along the shore. The rip will end and you will leave it quickly, of course, if it is not too wide.
- Even if the rip is wide and does not end, everythingEqually swim aside! The strong current does not last very long, and this is good news. In 5 minutes it will be weakened, and you can easily get out of the water, swimming about 100 m along the shore.
Do not go back to the place where you started to suck in the funnel. Get out of the water away from this place, because there is a risk of getting into the bubbling current again.
Consider the following:
- Rip can not drag you to the bottom, all the flowing currents are dragging people along the shore along the surface of the water.
- Line-up - the place where the waves reach their peakAnd begin to break. Surfers often hang out in this place and try to saddle the incoming waves. Usually it is no more than 100 m from the shore. Always swim along the shore, hitting the breeze!
Having told about this article to friends, you can save more than one life. Take care of yourself and your loved ones!