9 Common Prejudices
Our brain is capable of much, but it also has limitations. We all consider ourselves reasonable, but we continue to make dubious decisions and commit Recurring errors.
Some of them are harmless, but many lead to the fact that we think irrationally. Get acquainted with the most common prejudices that everyone should know.
- Negativity effect
People often pay attention to badnews. Psychologists believe that news of this kind of people perceive as more important. So many tend to pay more attention to negative things, ignoring the positive.
Most believe that life on the planet is getting worse every year. but Steven pinker In his book proves that the level of aggression,Violence and crime in the world has significantly decreased. Just now people are more informed about these cases, since the number of media has increased at times.
- Neglect of probability
The probability of dying in a car crash is higher thanWhen an aircraft crash. But still most people are afraid of flying. People wrongly assess the degree of danger and risk. People are often afraid of harmless things and, conversely, are not afraid of what they need to fear.
Each person is pleased to communicate with people withThe same opinion as his, and read the information that is similar to his preferences and conclusions. And vice versa, those who have opposite thoughts are unpleasant.
Psychologist b. Skinner called this phenomenon cognitive dissonance. Often we perceive only that information, which confirms our opinion. A person does not want to perceive what destroys his general picture of the world. The Internet is intensifying this trend. So if you're going to someone to prove your opinion in the comments on the forums or in social networks, then, most likely, you will not succeed.
- Comparison trap
In shops, people often pay attention toDiscounts, and especially on the difference between them and the price. So many buy unnecessarily expensive goods, because they have a discount. Restaurateurs also enjoy this. In the menu expensive meals are added, so that the rest seem more accessible.
- This thing was worth it
Remember the situation when you bought something expensive and unnecessary, and then put it on the shelf, instead of taking it to the store. Because you convinced yourself that "this thing was worth it."
Our brain is programmed for comfort when you do something stupid.
- Selectivity of observation
Have you ever noticed that some things have come to your eyes more often than before? Most likely, there are as many as they were before, just you did not pay attention to them.
For example, a person bought a bicycle and suddenly began to notice how many people are moving by this type of transport. and so on…
- Herd instinct
Often we are subjected to a herd feeling, without realizing it. A person, getting into the team, often changes, he begins to like things and phenomena that cause delight in most of the environment.
This applies to idols, clothes, newfangled gadgets and so on. It's hard not to succumb to the general hobby.
- silent means consent?
The selfish nature of a person shows that most of us are sure that the rest of us think like we do. Although there are no prerequisites for this.
People often assume that if others do not express their opinion, then they agree with his judgments. But this is not so.
- Think about tomorrow
In one study, people were asked to choose products in the supermarket. Those who bought food for a week, in 74% of cases, preferred useful products.
70% of the participants who bought food for the day immediately reached for the chocolate. Many of us do not want to think about tomorrow, but only want to enjoy the present.
Knowing these cognitive prejudices will help you prevent serious mistakes in the future. forewarned is forearmed. Share this article with your friends!